James Precious Ifeoma
I am a big fan of everything organic but not everybody is and we can’t all be the same, can we? Most people still trust & hope that certain products will work for them because of the good reviews or a friend recommended it.
Most times we get disappointed and distressed because a product worked for our friend but did not work for us. Well, that is probably because you have a different skin type from your friend’s. This means that what you are doing wrong is using the wrong product for you. So, it is important to know the type of skin you are working with so as to get the best results from your skin care routine. Trust a product to work for you even before using it, as well as having a healthy & glowing skin.
When it comes to skin type, the most reoccurring words are;
Dry, Oily, Combination, Normal, Sensitive and Acne-prone.
Dry and Oily skin are the most common and easy to identify skin type, the others -Normal and Combination skin, fall in between. Acne-prone and Sensitive skin should be classified under ‘skin condition’ and not skin type because I believe that anyone with any of the above mentioned skin types can find themselves struggling with either or both. Some skin health experts would even tell you there is no permanent skin type. Which is due to many factors that can affect your skin and make it change over time. These factors are;
a) Climate: Changing environment can change your skin type. Let’s say you move from East to North, now every one knows that the Northern part of Nigeria can be very hot during the dry season. This hotness makes your skin sweat, leaving you prone to acne breakouts.
b) Hormones: Our hormones fluctuate all the time. For example during pregnancy, a woman’s skin can change for the good or for the bad, it varies individually.
c) Diet: If you have heard somewhere that, “you are what you eat”, then you better believe it cause it is true. Your skin literally reflects what you eat.
d) Medications: Some medications change skin type. They can either dry your skin out or make them sensitive.
e) Skin care: Skin care routine tampers with your skin PH, this may affect your skin and change the type.
f) Genetics: This can also determine your skin type.
How To Identify Your Skin Type
Identifying your skin type can be done with few simple steps:
Step 1) Wash your face with a gentle soap or cleanser to remove dirt, oil and makeup.
Step 2) Pat your face dry with a soft towel. Do not apply anything, leave it totally bare for one hour.
Step 3) During this one hour, resist every temptation to touch your face with your hands. After one hour, examine your face closely in the mirror, notice how it feels:
1) IF YOU HAVE DRY SKIN TYPE;
a) as you are standing close to the mirror and even when you take a step backwards, your pores will not be visible at all.
b) your skin will feel tight and itchy.
c) you will notice some flakey patches (it feels like your skin is peeling)
d) when you pinch/apply pressure on it, it wrinkles easily.
e) you feel the lack of moist on it..
CAUSES: Note that dry skin is different from dyhydrated skin. Dry skin is a skin type caused by lack of oil production in the skin. While dyhydrated skin is a skin condition caused by lack of water in the skin and it is temporary. Dry skin can be caused by genetics, climate change, bathing with hot water often, age, etc.
2) IF YOU HAVE OILY SKIN TYPE;
a) as you are standing close to the mirror and even when you take a step backwards, your pores will be very visible (appear larger)
b) your skin will be shiny.
c) you will notice excess oil all over your face, neck and shoulders.
d) you feel you want to wash your face again or apply powder cause it feels greasy.
CAUSES: Oily skin is caused by the over production of oil by the sebaceous gland due to genetics, hormones, climate, over drying the skin which forces the skin to produce more oil.
3) IF YOU HAVE COMBINATION SKIN TYPE;
a) you will have skin imbalance: your skin will be shiny on only the T zone (forehead, nose and chin)
b) your cheek and jaw will feel dry or normal.
CAUSES: Combination skin is caused by the over production of oil in the T zone due to your genes (heredity). The skin care products you are using might also be the cause of your skin imbalance. This may be because you are trying to make the oily areas dry and end up drying out the dry areas and vice versa.
4) IF YOU HAVE NORMAL SKIN TYPE;
a) your skin will feel balanced, that is good and even.
b) it will not feel too oily or too dry.
c) you will not experience reactions to certain products.
CAUSES: Normal skin is caused by your Creator, genetics(heredity) and your lucky stars😉.
5) Sensitive skin: If your skin is easily irritated, itchy, dry, inflammed, red, etc. Then your skin is sensitive. It may react to new products, shines suddenly & easily with heat, sunburn easily and experience eczema.
CAUSES: This skin condition can be caused by different things which can be tough to pin down. Some things that can contribute to skin sensitivity are: Climate change, hormones, weather, hard water, products that contain harsh chemicals and fragrances which can intensify skin sensitivity. Examples; makeup, lotion, soap, moisturizer, detergent, etc.
6) Acne-prone skin: There are two types of acne, they are: inflammatory acne and non-inflammatory acne.
a) inflammatory acne always appear red, angry and robust.
b) non-inflammatory acne refers to pores that are clogged and appear as blackheads and whiteheads.
People often think only those with oily skin suffer from acne due to the over production of oil. But the truth is, other skin types can also suffer from acne due to either environmental factors (which also includes change of environment) or poor skin care routine which can irritate your skin and clog the pores.
Which ever skin type yours turn out to be, do not let anyone convince you that you have bad skin type. There is nothing like good and bad skin types, just different ways our skin behave. With the right skin care routine and a few lifestyle changes, everyone can have a healthy glowing skin!